Health, Fitness and Wellness

Your Complete Guide to Menstrual Cup

Are you periods uncomfortable, bulky and smelly? With menstrual cup, you can now have a comfortable, smell free, hygienic and cost effective periods. #firsttimemommy #menstrualcup #happyperiod #safeperiod #painlessperiod

Your Complete Guide to Menstrual Cup

I started using a menstrual cup more than 3 years ago and haven’t looked back since. Hence, I want others to start using a menstrual cup to make their periods leak-free, rash-free, smell-free and most importantly, stress-free.

My quest for a better alternative

I had my first period when I was 10 years old. Most girls are clueless about this natural phenomenon at that age, and so was I. I never used a cloth, but a sanitary napkin. However, I was quite active in sports and would come many a times during those days with my white sports uniform stained. Not only that I would also develop a bad rash on the inner thighs by the 3rd or 4th day and that area has now permanently turned black.

I started using tampons after I got married, but Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) scared me. When I came to know about menstrual cup, I inquired about it and once I was satisfied with the answers I got, I didn’t have a single qualm in switching to it.

So let me tell you what is a menstrual cup and how it can actually change your life. But firstly, let’s know what menstruation is.

What is menstruation?

This monthly guest helps women slough off their old uterine lining and replace it with a fresh new lining.

ABCs of Menstrual Cups

As the name suggests, it’s a cup that holds your menstruation discharge. It is made of soft silicone or latex which makes it very easy to slip on or pull out.

Advantages

Are you periods uncomfortable, bulky and smelly? With menstrual cup, you can now have a comfortable, smell free, hygienic and cost effective periods. #firsttimemommy #menstrualcup #happyperiod #safeperiod #painlessperiod

Menstrual Cup – Advantages

  1. They are comfortable: Menstrual cups are so comfortable that you can actually forget you are wearing one. Bye bye rashes and discomfort while walking. 
  1. They are safe: Your skin is highly permeable – especially the skin in and around the vaginal area. Anything coming in constant contact with your skin will land in your bloodstream for distribution throughout your body. This is why it is generally said, “If you can’t eat it, don’t put it on your body too.”

Sanitary pads and tampons are usually laced with dioxins, petroleum products and chemicals. These chemicals on your skin may be worse than eating them. At least enzymes in your saliva and stomach help break down and flush chemicals from your body. But when they touch your skin, they are absorbed straight into your bloodstream, going directly to your delicate organs. Once in your body, they can accumulate because you typically lack the necessary enzymes to break them down.

Menstrual cups are made of food-grade silicone, so you don’t have to worry about toxic chemicals in your reproductive organs.

  1. They are hygienic: The cup is made of medical grade silicon and bacteria cannot grow on it freely, but you still have to take care of the hygiene. You will have to handle your cup full of blood and yes you will have to clean it with soap and water. You will also need to wash the cup after each use and sterilise it before and end of each cycle, and wash your hands before inserting the cup.
  2. They are discreet: Remember the discomfort or constant awareness of the bulk of the sanitary napkins against your pants. The cup is as discreet as they come as it is worn inside the body. Moreover, you need not buy, carry, wear or dispose pads or tampons anymore. In fact, cups give you the privacy to keep your period to yourself.
  3. They promote a smell-free period: The cup traps all the blood inside. This eliminates the smell accompanying your periods.
  4. They are environmental friendly and cost effective: Good for your body and good for the earth, a silicone cup can be used for up to 10 years. That’s a truckload of pads and packaging you do not buy and then throw away.

Disadvantages

  • You need to touch yourself and the blood every time you insert or remove it.
  • It needs to be washed before each insertion.
  • Once a month, you need to sterilise it.
Before buying the cup:

Measure yourself before buying a menstrual cup. The following image will help you determine it. You can also consult a gynaecologist to help you choose the right size.

Are you periods uncomfortable, bulky and smelly? With menstrual cup, you can now have a comfortable, smell free, hygienic and cost effective periods. #firsttimemommy #menstrualcup #happyperiod #safeperiod #painlessperiod

Measure yourself for the cup – Image by illumina

Measure your flow

To measure your flow, note how many pads or tampons you use in a day.

  • A sanitary pad can absorb 100-500 ml.
  • Tampon capacity:
  • Light/regular – 6-9 ml
  • Super – 9-12 ml
  • Super plus – 12-15 ml
  • Ultra – 15-18 ml
  • Cup capacity:
  • Light flow – 10-16 ml
  • Medium – 17-22 ml
  • Large – 23-29 ml

During heavy flow days, you might have to empty the cup within 4-6 hours. And then within 8-12 hours. You will understand your flow within 2-3 cycles.

Some useful advice for first time cup wearers:

  • Ask a gynaecologist before making the switch. Every one’s body is different, your gynaecologist would be able to advise you better.
  • Always squat to insert and remove the cup. It will make the whole process smoother.
  • Fold the cup (silicone makes it easily foldable) into C or U, hold the folded portion by the neck and then insert the cup. Check the image.
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C-Fold by menstrual cup nz

Check out the article to know various ways of folding the cup.

  • Buy a cup with the handle as it helps you fish out the cup from inside and break the suction.
  • Use a sanitary pad in addition to the cup to avoid accidents. In the night also, it is better to use a spill proof mat or dry sheet like we use for babies under you.

Care for your cup:

  • It is extremely important that you follow a good cleaning routine. Always wash your hands with soap while handling the cup.
  • Wash the cup with soap (I use vaginal wash as it is less harsh than regular soaps) and water after dumping the contents in the toilet bowl and before reinserting. In case of non-availability of soap, just plain clean water will do.

*Some cups come with soap strips or wipes. They are good for use too. However, you will need to re-order once they are over.

Also, you will also need to sterilise it once a month (before or after use – I sterilise both times).

Sterilising the menstrual cup

Take clean water in a deep bottomed pan. Boil it for 10-20 minutes. Turn off the gas, immerse the cup in this water, put on the lid and keep it for at least 10 minutes. Fish it out with clean hands.

Very important – Do not leave the cup unattended in the pan while the gas is on. It can burn or deform. I have actually managed to burn two cups as I left them in the pan with the gas on. The cups burned and filled my kitchen with silicone ash. Thanks to that, I had to spring clean the kitchen twice before Diwali.

If you have a steriliser at home, you can use it to sterilise your cup the same way as you would sterilise your child’s bottles, silicone nipples, etc.

*If you feel icky about using your kitchen pan for the cup, keep a separate utensil for the purpose.

Removing stains from the menstrual cup

With frequent use, the cup can be stained or become discoloured. To remove the stains, soak it in white vinegar and water (1:10 ratio) for 24 hours and it will be as good as new. If you are not too fond of the vinegary smell, boil the cup for a few minutes to remove the smell of the vinegar.

Storing the cup

Menstrual cup should never be stored in a plastic bag but a cotton bag which is breathable. Most cups come with a cotton bag. After sterilising it, wipe it with a clean tissue paper and place it in the bag until the next cycle. Tada!

Frequently asked questions about menstrual cups:

Does menstrual cup affect the bladder or hinder the flow?

No. Menstrual cup doesn’t affect your bladder because the diameter of the cup is designed for the female body and the silicon is soft and hence avoids any discomfort once you get used to it.

Can menstrual cup be used with those wearing an IUD?

Yes, IUD users can use the cup as the position of IUD and the cup are different.

However, it is advisable to consult your gynaecologist who can help you measure your cervix for determining your cup size.

When you should not wear a cup?

Unless you are allergic to latex or have had a surgery or otherwise indicated by your doctor. If you have recently had a vaginal birth, consult you gynaecologist before you start wearing a cup.

Is cup safe to wear during swimming and other exercises?

As you are inserting the cup inside your body and the suction ensures the cup doesn’t fall out, it is perfectly safe to use it while swimming, gymming, dancing or running marathons. However, it is a good practice to empty the cup before any form of physical exercise.

A word of caution for Yoga practitioners – check your cup after the session as some asanas can break the suction and make the cup leak.

Can wearing menstrual cup lead to TSS?

Firstly, let’s understand what is TSS.
TSS is also called Toxic Shock Syndrome.
Some people may experience:
  • Pain areas: in the abdomen or muscles
  • Whole body: high fever, low blood pressure, chills, dizziness, fainting, fatigue, or light-headedness
  • Gastrointestinal: diarrhoea, nausea, or vomiting
  • Skin: peeling or rashes
  • Also common: organ dysfunction, fast breathing, headache, insufficient urine production, mental confusion, or sore throat
Menstrual cups has no increased level of TSS as any other female care products like tampons or napkins.
So far 2 cases of TSS have been reported while using menstrual cups. And it was because they were inserted for 7 days instead of 12 hrs minimum.
If the cup is cleaned and inserted not more than the recommended time duration, there is no increased TSS risk. Like with any menstruation care product you cannot have zero risk of TSS. But a clean, properly-used menstrual cup means the chances are very slim.

Can teens wear the cup?

There is often a misconception that wearing a cup would break the hymen. Hymen can break even if a young girl is into athletics or sports. Many teenage girls in India and abroad wear tampons without being sexually active and without their hymen being broken. There are small cups available for teenage girls. However, it is a good idea to consult a gynaecologist before wearing a cup.

Where do I buy a menstrual cup?

There are many options and brands available in India today. I use SheCup, some use Diva Cup or Silky Cup. Visit Amazon and you will find a whole range of cups there. Choose as per your budget or colour preference 😊

Several NGOs like Aurobindo Ashram also supply menstrual cups.

This question bank is prepared by my friend, Manisha Singh and I with valuable inputs from other menstrual cup users. We have a Facebook page Cup O’ Freedom dedicated to menstrual cup use and also have a What’s app group where we hold sessions for new cup users on the 1st Sunday of every month.

Feel free to reach us in case you want to be added to the What’s app group. It’s a non-promotional group.

8 Comments

  1. Anagha Yatin

    Have been hearing a lot about menstrual cups but was skeptical of wearing the cutlery down there 😉 After going through your post that touches all the areas of concern and usage so well, I am inclined to check it out for myself. Frankly speaking I am little terrified but must overcome that coz I dont want my daughter, who is gonna hit puberty soon, to go through stress of stains, rashes and yukky smell as I and many had gone through.

    • mammaspeaks

      I know Anagha! These last 3 years, I have forgotten what smell, stains and rashes are. My periods are so comfortable that I actually look forward to them. 🙂 Do try, it’s one of the best things (cutlery/crockery as you said 😉 ) that could happen to women.

  2. Such a timely post. I am thinking of buying cups for my teenage girls. This has been a great help. Thank you

    • mammaspeaks

      Thanks Meena. Do try. Cups are super comfortable. But first, consult your gynec before starting your girls on the cup.

  3. Its really helpful for first time user and very much in detail. Good one Anshu.

  4. I am very scared to use the cup. I have contempleted buying but end up using sanitary napkins. But now I wanted to try before I introduce it to Mishti as she will need it being into active sports. Your article clarified numerous doubts. I hope i can gather the courage to start using it. I was concerned if I would be able to insert it properly and whether it would hurt.

    • mammaspeaks

      Aesha, I can understand the hesitation. But seriously, it doesn’t hurt. Our vagina is lubricated enough during menstruation for the cup to get inserted easily and painlessly. I am a member of a what’s app forum that answers queries on cups. There are many first time and experienced users of cup there. The first sunday of every month, there is a live chat session on the group. It has helped many women to adopt the cup happily. If you want, I can send you the linky. You can enter and exit at your free will once you have experienced the session. It’s a silent group.

I would love to hear from you

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